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Algorand: everything you need to know about ALGO

Axel van den Boogaard

Axel has been immersing himself in the world of crypto and blockchain for quite some time, which he then translates into understandable articles.

Algorand facts




Smart contract platform


Silvio Micali




Pure Proof of Stake (PPoS)

Launch date

April 2019

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What is Algorand?

Algorand (ALGO) is a cryptocurrency and blockchain platform designed to create a secure and scalable network for processing transactions and executing smart contracts. The platform was founded in 2017 by Turing Award winner Silvio Micali and addresses the challenges of speed, security, and decentralization faced by many other cryptocurrencies. 

Algorand employs a unique consensus algorithm called Pure Proof of Stake (PPoS) and offers fast, low-cost transactions. ALGO is the native cryptocurrency of the Algorand network and is used to verify transactions and as a reward for participants in the network. Additionally, Algorand is designed to handle fast transactions with minimal delays, making it a scalable platform for processing many transactions simultaneously. 

Like many other cryptocurrencies, Algorand is decentralized, meaning no single entity has control over the network, which secures it against attacks and manipulation. Furthermore, it supports the execution of smart contracts, enabling developers to automate and execute complex agreements and transactions on the Algorand network. 

How does Algorand work?

Algorand operates based on the Pure Proof of Stake (PPoS) consensus algorithm. This means that network participants are selected based on their staking (holding ALGO tokens to help secure the network) to verify and validate transactions. This process occurs through the selection of various validators responsible for confirming transactions. 

On the Algorand network, smart contracts are executed, allowing developers to automate and execute complex agreements and transactions. This makes Algorand a versatile platform for applications in various industries, such as finance, insurance, and supply chain management. 

Finally, Algorand is designed to offer low transaction costs, making it more attractive to users and developers. 

De ALGO token

The ALGO token serves various functions within the Algorand ecosystem. Firstly, it functions as a staking token, allowing participants in the network to contribute to the consensus algorithm and be selected to validate transactions. 

Secondly, ALGO serves as a means of payment within the Algorand ecosystem, enabling the execution of transactions and smart contracts. The token also serves as compensation for validators and other network participants. 

Lastly, ALGO plays a role in the decision-making process of the Algorand ecosystem. Holders of ALGO tokens can participate in decision-making processes, and proposed changes to the protocol can be voted on. 

The Technology Behind ALGO

Algorand possesses several unique technological features that distinguish it from other blockchain platforms. What are these important features? 

Pure Proof of Stake (PPoS)

A crucial part of the technology behind Algorand is the Pure Proof of Stake (PPoS) consensus algorithm. This algorithm utilizes users' Algo tokens to increase their influence in the network, thereby increasing their chances of selecting the next blocks for the blockchain. This allows Algorand to maintain a higher transaction speed compared to other blockchains using Proof of Work (PoW) algorithms. 

Algorithmically Synchronized Randomness (ASR)

Another essential component of the technology behind Algorand is Algorithmically Synchronized Randomness (ASR). This ensures a random selection of validators for each block on the blockchain, resulting in a higher degree of decentralization and security. It makes it more challenging for attackers to influence transaction validation. 

Multi-Asset Functionality

Additionally, Algorand employs a unique multi-asset functionality that supports various types of assets such as cryptocurrencies, stocks, and other securities. This allows companies and organizations to create and utilize their tokens or assets on the Algorand platform. 

Lastly, Algorand is designed for easy integration with existing systems, employing a straightforward development environment. This makes it simpler and faster for developers to use Algorand. 

The Algorand ecosystem

The Algorand ecosystem comprises several components, including: 

  • The Algorand Protocol: The underlying technical platform on which the Algorand network is built. 
  • The Algorand Token (ALGO): The token that forms the basis of Algorand's token economy and serves various functions. 
  • The Algorand Community: Participants in the Algorand network, including developers, users, validators, and anyone contributing to the network and ecosystem. 
  • Decentralized Applications (DApps): Applications built on the Algorand protocol with various functions, including financial services, supply chain, and identity management. 
  • Partners and Investors: Partners and investors involved in the Algorand ecosystem, including companies, institutions, and venture capital funds. 


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Benefits of Algorand

Algorand is a revolutionary blockchain platform that offers various advantages to organizations and individuals. The key benefits of Algorand include: 

  • Efficiency: This makes the network suitable for high-volume applications. 
  • Security: Algorand employs a Byzantine Fault Tolerance consensus algorithm, ensuring data integrity on the blockchain. 
  • Cost Savings: Algorand's consensus algorithm is designed to be extremely cost-effective. 
  • User-Friendly: Algorand is designed with an intuitive user interface. 
  • Low Transaction Costs: Making it more attractive to users and developers. 

Drawbacks of Algorand

Nobody is perfect, and Algorand has its own drawbacks: 

  • Due to its Proof of Stake system, it has a greater reliance on stakers than Proof of Work-based platforms. 
  • The technology behind Algorand can be complex for non-technical users. 
  • The purchase of Algo tokens is required to participate in the network, which can be a barrier for new users. 

Who is the founder of Algorand?

The founder of Algorand is Silvio Micali, an Italian computer scientist and a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is known for his groundbreaking research and contributions to cryptography and distributed computing. Micali works as the architect of the development and further expansion of the Algorand platform. He is a recognized industry expert and is considered one of the most influential figures in the world of cryptography.

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