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Cartesi: everything you need to know about CTSI

Axel van den Boogaard

Axel has been immersing himself in the world of crypto and blockchain for quite some time, which he then translates into understandable articles.

Cartesi facts




Layer 2, smart contracts


Augusto Teixeira, Erick de Moura, Diego Nehab, Colin Steil.




Proof of Stake

Launch date

October 2021

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What is Cartesi?

Cartesi (CTSI) is a revolutionary blockchain platform that allows developers to work with the Linux operating system. This enables them to build smart contracts and DApps (Decentralized Applications) using established programming languages rather than the more complex blockchain coding languages. Originally designed as a decentralized digital marketplace, the blockchain evolved into a Layer 2 solution aimed at improving the scalability and speed of blockchains.

How does Cartesi work?

Cartesi is a Layer 2 blockchain solution, meaning it focuses on making the blockchain faster and more scalable. The decentralized applications built on Cartesi utilize both blockchain and off-chain components, allowing the network to maintain its efficiency and speed. The platform employs a Proof of Stake consensus protocol and technologies like Optimistic Rollups and side-chains. CTSI is an ERC-20 token.

Cartesi is particularly known for being an attractive development environment. Here are the key features that make this true for Cartesi:

  • Mainstream Programmability: Cartesi offers an off-chain development solution, allowing developers to code smart contracts and DApps directly using regular programming tools on a Linux operating system.
  • High Scalability: Cartesi can theoretically achieve million-fold computational scalability. This is achieved by moving some processes off the blockchain without compromising decentralization.
  • Privacy: Due to its structure, Cartesi can protect the privacy of DApp users, such as gamers running decentralized games who want to keep their data anonymous.
  • Portability: Cartesi is not tied to a specific blockchain. This is possible because off-chain nodes (network nodes) don't "know" which blockchain they're working with. This means Cartesi applications can run on most top blockchains.

Potential applications of Cartesi

As mentioned, Cartesi can run on a Linux operating system, perform massive computations, and enable scalable DApps. Cartesi can be used to enhance the performance of various types of applications, including:

  • Blockchain Optimization
  • Decentralized Finance (DeFi)
  • Software Development
  • Gaming (e.g., the tower-defense game Creepts)

In addition to the game Creepts, Cartesi has also released two products specifically for the developer community, named Descartes and Noether.

The CTSI token

CTSI is a utility token that powers the Cartesi network. CTSI can be used for staking and fees for processing data on the network. Cartesi specifically supports Linux software components and the creation of smart contracts using common programming languages.

The Technology Behind CTSI

Cartesi uses a hybrid on-chain/off-chain approach. The platform exists on the blockchain, but most computational work is done off the blockchain to improve network efficiency. The entire system consists of three main components: Cartesi Nodes, Cartesi Machines, and the Cartesi Data Ledger.

Cartesi nodes

 These are the locations where all off-chain components and computations of an app reside. Nodes consist of both hardware and software. To run an app on Cartesi, users must interact with the nodes. Each node contains a Cartesi Machine, in essence, a piece of software running Linux.

Cartesi Machines

As mentioned, the Cartesi Machine is a piece of software (also known as a "virtual machine") within the Cartesi Node, running a decentralized version of Linux. All computations performed by the Cartesi Machine are reproducible and verifiable. The Cartesi Machine can synchronize the speed and storage capacity of the system with that of other systems.

The Cartesi Data Ledger

Projects like Cartesi often solve cost and speed issues but often lose access to data when a party goes offline during a transaction. Cartesi addresses this issue with a Proof of Stake sidechain called Data Ledger. This sidechain is used for various purposes, including short-term storage.


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Benefits of Cartesi

Why are more investors interested in Cartesi? These are the reasons they choose CTSI:

  • Bridging the Gap: Cartesi bridges the gap between traditional software and the blockchain.
  • Developer-Friendly: Developers can use Linux components and familiar programming languages to build DApps.
  • High Speed and Efficiency: The network offers high speed and efficiency.
  • High Scalability: Cartesi can scale significantly.
  • Cross-Blockchain Compatibility: It can be applied to various blockchains.

Drawbacks of Cartesi

Cartesi is not without its drawbacks. Here are considerations for investors:

  • Newness: Being relatively new, there may be a higher likelihood of bugs and platform "teething" issues.
  • Resource Limitations: There may be fewer available resources to address network issues due to its unique infrastructure.
  • Specific Expertise Required: Working with Cartesi requires specific programming experience and knowledge.
  • Business Focus: It's primarily designed for business applications, making it less accessible for consumers.
  • Limited Accessibility: It's primarily accessible for Linux users.

Who is the founder of Cartesi?

The founder of Cartesi is Erick de Moura. De Moura is a blockchain visionary who combines traditional software and blockchain power. His leadership created a platform that makes technology accessible and promotes blockchain adoption.

Price forecasts

In 2026 experts expect a minimal price of €0.4800 and a minimal price of €1.58 in 2031.

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View all key statistics of the past 24 hours here.

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Market information

Use these figures to get a better picture of the Cartesi market.

24u volume

€6.9 million


€131.2 million

CTSI in circulation

819.3 million

All time high


CTSI Return On Investment

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Historical Cartesi price

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A video explanation of Cartesi

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